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Planning a vegetable garden

So you're planting a vegetable garden for the first time! To prepare for planting season, choose vegetables you want to plant, pick the perfect site for your garden, and always prep before you plant. While there's no right way to make a vegetable garden, each of these things can help you plan a garden well-adapted to your climate. Once you've got all of these elements figured out, you're ready to create a thriving garden.


Pick two or three vegetables to start. New gardeners often make the mistake of planting more than they can handle. For your first season, choose up to three plants that you're adamant about putting in your garden. You can rotate out different plants between planting seasons.

Check gardening catalogs, both print and online, if you struggle to think of a plant.
Keep in mind that some plants will produce all season long while others will produce only one time. For example tomatoes, peppers, and squash will continue to produce all season long and they will produce very large yields. However, corn, carrots, and radishes will only produce once.

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Try easy-to-grow plants for your first year gardening. Research the planting difficulty of the vegetables you decide on to make sure your choices are suitable for beginners. You don't want to commit to more than you can manage. Choose increasingly difficult plants as your gardening experience increases.

Beginner-friendly vegetable plants include: carrots, radishes, sugar or snap peas, beets, and lettuce.

Select veggies that are native or adaptable to your climate. You don't have to find a plant that only grows in your location, but look for plants adapted to similar climates. If your city is hot and humid, for example, buy plants that love humidity (or vice-versa if you live in a desert).

Tomatoes, for example, originated in South America but thrive in the similar climate of the Mediterranean.
Avoid choosing rare or temperamental plants that will require more care than you can give.

Look for vegetables suitable for the season. Vegetables are sorted into two major types: "warm season" and "cool season." Warm season vegetables are planted and harvested from mid-spring to early summer, and cool season vegetables are planted and harvest from late summer to mid-autumn. Pick a variety compatible with the season to keep your plants healthy.

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    Warm weather vegetables include: beans, cantaloupes, cucumbers, okras, peppers, peas, sweet corn, tomatoes, and watermelons.
    Cool weather vegetables include: beets, broccoli, cauliflower, onions, potatoes, radishes, and turnips.

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Look for disease-resistant plants or seeds. Check a seed catalog or ask a plant nursery employee to find plants equipped to combat blights or fungal diseases. Preventative measures can keep diseases from spreading and ravaging all the plants in your garden.

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Pick plants that you have enough room to accommodate. Some plants, like corn, grow very tall and others, like cucumbers, have vines that require fences or trellises. Research every potential plant's growing process so you don't choose a plant larger than what you have room for.

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Never judge a plant by its seedling, as some begin deceivingly small.
Vegetables ideal for small spaces are: tomatoes, lettuce, pole beans, chard, radishes, eggplants, avocados, lemons, and most herbs.

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Finding the Right Site
Determine how much space you will need. Research how much space each of your plants will need. Tomatoes, for example, may need more space than peppers. Depending on how much space you have available, choose how many of each plants you will grow.  Make sure to leave enough space in your garden to walk around in it as well. You will need enough room to weed, water, and harvest your garden.
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Most vegetable plants require "full sun" conditions, which means that they need at least six hours of sun per day. Without it, they cannot grow very large. Avoid spots that are shaded by trees or your home during the afternoon.

Check your plants' growing conditions for specific details on how much sun they need.
If your only available spot for a garden does not get full sun, then you can also grow plants that only require partial sun, such as spinach and lettuce.
If you live in a hot climate, then you may want to avoid plants that require partial shade, such as peas.

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Mobirise темы основаны на Bootstrap 3 и Bootstrap 4 -самой мощной мобильной платформе. Даже если вы не разбираетесь в коде, вы можете стать частью большого сообщества Bootstrap.

Выберите из готовых блоков - полноэкранный интро, bootstrap карусель, контент-слайдер, галерею изображений с лайтбоксом, параллаксом, фоновым видео, меню-гамбургером, липким заголовок и многое другое.

 Locate a spot with a portable water supply

Water in large quantities, especially enough to water a garden, is heavy. Choose a spot that can be reached by sprinklers, a hose, or irrigation system. If none are available, pick a spot close to your home so you won't have to carry water far.

Place your garden at a spot with a wind barrier. Plants with no obstructions against the wind are at risk of getting damaged, dried out, or blown over. Choose a place next to a slatted fence, hedge, or small grove of trees.

Look for an area with well-draining soil. Vegetables generally do best in moist, well-draining soil. To test your soil for drainage, dig a 12–18 inches (30–46 cm) by 12–18 inches (30–46 cm) hole in the ground. Fill the hole with water and observe how long it takes for the water to sink into the ground. Soils with better draining properties will lose water quickly.

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Preparing to Plant Your Garden

 Plot out your garden on paper. Your drawing does not have to be overly-detailed but can function as a guide while planting. Outline the rough shape of your garden. Choose a symbol (like an X or O) for each plant so you know where you'll plant every vegetable in the garden.  Create a planting schedule for each of your vegetables. You don't need to plant all your vegetables at once. Grow two or three varieties at a time, warm weather plants first and cool weather plants later. Planning when you will grow each plant can help you achieve a higher yield.  Arrange your plants in a space-efficient way. Once you know how much space each plant needs, pay attention to these factors while organizing them. Place tall vegetables on the north side of your garden so they won't shade shorter vegetables. Then, group the plants further by timing: put plants that will mature at the same time together to make harvesting easier.

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